All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

William Ed Hammond

Duke Center for Health Informatics, Duke Medicine, Durham, North Carolina, USA

Publications

  • Reviews   
    How Do You Know When You Have Interoperability?
    Author(s): William Ed Hammond*

    This paper first looks at the several definitions of the word interoperability. Next, the paper addresses several of the distinct components that are factors in accomplishing interoperability: semantic interoperability, functional interoperability, stakeholder interoperability, consumer interoperability, business interoperability, privacy and security interoperability, and international interoperability. This paper discusses each of these components in terms of their current state relating to interoperability and suggests what changes might be made to achieve interoperability... Read More»
    DOI: 10.24105/ejbi.2018.14.3.3